Historical and Cultural Timeline

timeline

Last Updated: November 12, 2016

This timeline contains selected facts about Magick, Druidism, Druidry, Witchcraft, Wicca, Celtic Reconstructionism, Paganism, Neopaganism, Divination, Occultism, and the New Age movement in general. It is in no way exhaustive and should be regarded as a reference only. I’ve included some historical dates surrounding Ireland and archeological finds related to the Celtic world. This timeline also contains some important works of fiction, such as novels, movies, and TV show, as they highly fluctuate the level of interest in Wicca, Witchcraft or Druidry.

Some might question the value of including fictional works like movies, but their addition are important as they strongly alter the perception of the public towards such spirituality or religions. We can takes the movie The Exorcist (1977) by example, which has nothing to do with Paganism or Witchcraft, at first thought. However, all begins with the discovery of a statuette of Pazuzu, the king of the demons of the wind, from Assyrian and Mesopotamian mythology (800-700 BCE). That statuette was later integrated in The Exorcist novel (1971), inspired by the possession and exorcism of Roland Doe/Robbie Mannheim (1949) after he had used a Ouija board, created by the Kennard Novelty Company (1891). At this time, the Ouija board is still considered as a not-threatening parlor game and even considered as the better method to contact deceased family members, which was very popular in the aftermaths of the important crisis or wars. However, after the theatrical release of the movie adaptation of The Exorcist (1977), the Ouija board obtained a bad reputation. Church groups who had never paid attention to the game before started denouncing the game as a portal to hell and Satan’s preferred means of communication with the innocent. The Exorcist movie was financially successful, and other studios tried to mimic the triumph, like The Witchboard (1986). Movies like this continued the misconceptions that witches are using demonic spirit boards and that they are associated with the devil.

7500 BCE.. First archaeological evidence of humans, Mesolithic hunter-gatherers, settling in Ireland

4000 BCE.. Agriculture has its beginnings in Ireland

3500 BCE.. The Neolithic peoples build a complex of chamber tombs and standing stones in Ireland

3000 BCE.. The early Pagan Gaels’ High Kings have left behind ring forts on the Hill of Tara, Ireland

2500 BCE.. Beginning of the Copper and Bronze Ages in Ireland

800 BCE…. The Celts believes that wearing masks would ward off evil spirits (Halloween inspiration)

700 BCE…. Worships of Assyrian and Babylonian gods

560 BCE…. The Bible condemns witches (Exodus 22:18 and Leviticus 20:27)

540 BCE…. A letter and pointer device (talking board) was used in the time of Pythagoras in Greece

500 BCE…. Beginning of the Iron Age. Celtic influence in art, language and culture begins to take hold

350 BCE…. Beginning of PaleoDruidism by the Gauls and the Celtic people of the British Isles

300 BCE…. Ritual sacrifice of a king in Ireland, surnamed Clonycavan Man

43 CE…….. Romans conquers much of Celtic territories, Feralia and Pomona are combined with Samhain

100……….. Invention of the Ogham alphabet in Ireland

300……….. First archaeological evidence of inscriptions in Ogham in Ireland

371……….. The Roman Empire adopt Christianity as the official state religion

431……….. Pope Celestine I of Palladius as the first bishop to Irish Christians

432……….. Saint Patrick “banishes all snakes” from Ireland; The end of PaleoDruidism

420……….. Saint Augustine argues that witchcraft is impossible and only God can suspend the laws of the universe

455……….. Saint Patrick founds church at Armagh, Ireland

500……….. Christianity mature slowly in a stable society in Ireland. The king of Tara remains Pagan

596……….. The Gregorian Mission is sent by Pope Gregory the Great; Christianity takes over in Ireland

609……….. Pope Boniface IV convert the Pantheon in Rome into a Christian church on May 13

785……….. The belief in the possibility of witchcraft itself is considered heretical

795……….. The first Vikings arrive in Ireland, pirates led by aristocrats

830……….. Óengus of Tallaght writes the Martyrology of Tallaght, speaking of Paganism in Ireland

……………. Viking raids became more intense in Ireland

835……….. All Saints’ Day is switched from May 13 to November 1 at the behest of Pope Gregory IV

……………. Irish celebrations of All Saints’ Day are switched from April 20 to November 1

842……….. First Viking-Irish alliance; These alliances became common in Ireland

910……….. The Canon Episcopi, source on surviving Pagan customs in Francia, is added in the Canon Law

1000……… All Hallows’ Eve, All Saints’ Day and All Souls’ Day are grouped and called Hallowmas

……………. Estimated date of the creation of the Ghāyat al-Ḥakīm (Picatrix) alleged by al-Majriti

1005……… Brian Boru is declared Emperor of the Irish at Armagh, Ireland

1014……… Death of Brian Boru (c. 941-1014)

1100……… Christian Church gains dominance over Celtic religions

……………. First mentions of the automatic writing method used in talking boards found in China

11??……… Michael Psellus (1017-1078) prepares a classification of demons

1169……… Introduction of witchcraft in Ireland by the Anglo-Norman during their invasion/colonization

1230……… An Inquisition against heresy was established by the Roman Catholic Church

1245……… A gathering is held of underground Druids and Bards from several parts of the British Isles

1256……… The Picatrix grimoire is translated in Spanish by order of Alphonso X of Castile

1258……… Pope Alexander IV accept that sorcery and communication with demons was a kind of heresy

1267……… Release of the Opus Majus (“Greater Work”) by Roger Bacon

1275……… Hugues de Baniol, the first Witch, is burned to death at Toulouse, France

1292……… Death of Roger Bacon (c. 1219-c. 1292)

1300s……. Creation of The Sworn Book of Honorius purportedly written by Honorius of Thebes

1306……… The Church eliminate the Knights Templar, charged of heresy, witchcraft and devil-worship

1317……… In France, a bishop was executed for using witchcraft in an attempt to kill Pope John XXII

1324……… The Flying Ointment is first described by the Witch Alice Kyteler during her trial in Ireland

1326……… Pope John XXII authorizes the inquisition to prosecute witchcraft as a type of heresy

1340……… Black Death swept through Europe, and people imagines conspiracies against Christendom

1370s……. Playing cards enters Europe – there are no references before this time

1376……… Release of Directorium Inquisitorum, book for the Spanish Inquisition, by Nicholas Eymeric

1379……… In St. Gallen, Switzerland, an ordinance is made to forbid the use of playing cards

1392……… First mention of the “Ferrara Tarot” in the account book of Charles VI, King of France

1398……… Condemnation of magic at the University of Paris

1400s……. Creation of the Munich Manual of Demonic Magic, grimoire of demonology and necromancy

1404……… Possible creation date of the Voynich Manuscript

1409……… Release of The Lanterne of Light, with a classification of demons related to the deadly sins

1410……… Earliest possible date for the creation of Tarot (Visconti-Sforza Tarot) in Italy

1417……… The word Allhallowtide was first used as synonymous to Hallowmas

1418……… Death of Nicolas Flamel (1330-1418)

1421……… Possible creation date of Le Dragon Rouge (or Grand Grimoire)

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BURNING TIMES & WITCHCRAFT ACT ERA
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1428……… The Valais (now Switzerland) witch trials begins (1428-1447) killing 367 persons

1430s……. Bonifacio Bembo is known as one of the author of one famous Visconti-Sforza Tarot deck

1431……… The Council of Basel (1431-1437) starts the idea of identifying and prosecuting witches spread throughout the areas of northern Italy, Switzerland and southern Germany

……………. Trial of Joan of Arc includes allegations of Witchcraft in France and she is executed in Rouen

1435……… An early description of the “Witches’ Sabbath” by Johannes Nider

1438……… Possible creation date of the Voynich Manuscript

1442……… The latest possible date for the creation of Tarot (Visconti-Sforza Tarot) in Italy

1443……… Jean Kozocari’s family’s claims to trace their witchcraft roots back to 1443 in British Columbia

1450……… Johannes Gutenberg introduces the first modern movable printing system in Europe

1451……… Date sometimes attributed to the creation of the Visconti-Sforza Tarot in Italy

1456……… Release of puch aller verpoten kunst, ungelaubens und der zaubrey by Johannes Hartlieb

1459……… First reference to “Tarocco Bolognese” a Tarot from Bologna

1465……… Count Boiardo of Ferrara designs a tarot deck based on love with a poem for each card

1467……… Alphonso de Spina prepares a classification of demons based on several criteria

1468……… The torture of witches began to increase in frequency after the Pope declared witchcraft to be “crimen exceptum” and thereby removed all legal limits on the application of torture

1480……… Prohibitions against gaming exempt certain games favored by aristocrats, like Tarot

……………. Most card games convert to the French suits (hearts, clubs, diamonds and spades)

1484……… Pope Innocent VIII issued the Summis desiderantes affectibus, and gave full papal approval for the inquisition to move against witches

1486……… Release of the Malleus Maleficarum by Heinrich Kramer in Germany

1490……… Charles VIII issues edict against fortunetellers, enchanters and necromancers in France

1491……… Creation of the Sola-Busca Tarot engraved onto metal by an unknown artist

1499……… Creation of Steganographia by Johannes Trithemius

1500s……. Creation of Clavicula Salomonis (Key of Solomon), incorrectly attributed to King Solomon

……………. First references to the word Tarocchi in Ferrara and Avignon

1516……… Death of Johannes Trithemius (1462-1516)

1517……… Creation of the Grimorium Verum (True Grimoire) by Alibeck the Egyptian

1522……… Possible creation date of Le Dragon Rouge (or Grand Grimoire)

1523……… Release of The Grimoire of Pope Leo or Enchiridion of Pope Leo falsely credited to Pope Leo III

1531/33…. Release of De occulta philosophia (Books of Occult Philosophy) by Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa

1535……… Death of Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa (1486-1535)

……………. First mention of the French Piquet deck (32 cards), later used for fortune telling

1541……… Death of Paracelsus (1493-1541)

1542……… Henry VIII is the first to define Witchcraft as a felony, a crime punishable by death in England

……………. Creation of the first Witchcraft Act in England

1550……… Michel de Nostredame release an Almanac and Latinizing his name as “Nostradamus”

1552……… Ivan IV of Russia issued the Decree, declaring witch trials were to be civil matters rather than church matters

1555……… John Dee is arrested and charged with “calculating” for having cast horoscopes of Queen Mary and Princess Elizabeth

……………. Release of Les Propheties by Nostradamus

1557……… Forty accused Witches are burned in France during the Toulouse witch trials

……………. Creation of a Tarot deck by Catelin Geoffroy in Lyons

1558……… Elizabeth I becomes Queen of England and Ireland

……………. John Dee becomes Queen Elizabeth’s trusted advisor on astrological and scientific matters

1559……… First version of the Index Librorum Prohibitorum (List of Prohibited Books) by Pope Paul IV

1560s……. Release of The Fourth Book of Occult Philosophy attributed to Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa

1561……… Release of Le sommaire philosophique (Philosophical summary) attributed to Nicolas Flamel

1563……… Elizabeth I passes an Act Against Conjurations, Enchantments and Witchcrafts in England

……………. Creation of the Scottish Witchcraft Act

……………. Release of De Praestigiis Daemonum by Johann Weyer

……………. Denouncement of The Fourth Book of Occult Philosophy as spurious by Johann Weyer

……………. Criticism of the Malleus Maleficarum and the witch-hunts by Johann Weyer

1564……… Writing of Monas Hieroglyphica, a Cabalistic interpretation of a glyph by John Dee

……………. Release of Dialogus de veneficiis by Lambert Daneau

1566……… Death of Michel de Nostredame “Nostradamus” (1503-1566)

1574……… Translation of Daneau’s Dialogus de veneficiis (A Dialogue of Witches) by Thomas Twyne

1575……… First printed account of a game of tarot in Venice

1580s……. John Dee begins to turn towards the supernatural as a means to acquire knowledge

1580……… Edward Kelley & Peter Waring raises a ghost in the churchyard of Walton-Le-Dale, Lancaster

……………. Edward Kelley flees Lancaster on charges of forging title deeds; Renamed “Edward Talbot”

……………. Release of De la démonomanie des sorciers by Jean Bodin

1581……… The Trier witch trials (1581-1593)

1582……… John Dee meets with Edward Kelley and devotes all his energies to his supernatural pursuits

1584……… Release of The Discoverie of Witchcraft by Reginald Scot, claiming that witches don’t exist

1586……… Act punishing practitioners of magic, harmful witches or benign cunning-folk in Ireland

……………. Edward Kelley and John Dee finds the patronage of the Bohemian Lord William of Rosenberg

1587……… Edward Kelley and John Dee’s involvement in necromancy caught the attention of the Catholic Church and are required to defend themselves in a hearing with the papal nuncio

1589……… John Dee leaves Edward Kelley and returns to England; Edward stays in Třeboň

……………. John Dee is appointed Warden of Christ’s College, Manchester by Queen Elizabeth I

……………. Edward Kelley becomes the alchemist of Emperor Rudolf II to produces gold

……………. Peter Binsfeld prepares a classification of demons based on the seven deadly sins

1590……… The North Berwick witch trials occurred in Scotland, involving King James VI

1591……… Edward Kelley is arrested and imprisoned by Rudolf II for killing an official in a duel

……………. Confession of Niclas Fiedler during the severe witch-hunt in Trier, Germany

1595……… Edward Kelly agreed to co-operate with Rudolf II and return to his alchemical work

……………. When Edward Kelly failed to produce any gold, he is again imprisoned by Rudolf II

……………. Release of Daemonolatreiae libri tres (“Demonolatry”) by Nicolas Rémy

1597……… Release of Daemonologie by King James VI of Scotland (later also James I of England)

……………. Death of Edward Kelley (1555-1597 or 1598)

1598……… Trial of Françatte Camont in Lorraine

1600s……. Creation of the Liber Armadel (Grimoire of Armadel) a French Christian grimoire

1600……… Release of Magical Investigations by Martín Del Rio

1602……… Release of Discours exécrable des Sorciers by Henri Boguet

1603……… The Fulda witch trials (1603-1606)

1604……… King James I of England pass his Witchcraft Act in England

1606……… Premiere of the play Macbeth by William Shakespeare in London

1608……… Release (post-mortem) of A discourse of the damned art of witchcraft by William Perkins

……………. Release of the Compendium Maleficarum by Francesco Maria Guazzo

……………. Release of The Book of Abramelin by supposedly Rabbi Yaakov Moelin (1365-1427)

……………. King Henry IV commands Pierre de Lancre to put an end to witchcraft in Labourd

1609……… Death of John Dee (1527-1608 or 1609)

……………. The Basque witch trials (1609-1611)

……………. Massive witch-hunt in Labourd under the judgment of Pierre de Lancre

……………. Alonso de Salazar Frías begins his investigation about the existence of real witches

……………. Postmortem release of Steganographia by Johannes Trithemius

1612……… Trials of the Pendle witches in Lancashire, England

……………. Release of Tableau de l’Inconstance des Mauvais Anges et Demons by Pierre de Lancre

……………. Alonso de Salazar Frías conclude his witchcraft investigation with no proof that it does exist

……………. Release of Livre des figures hiéroglyphiques attributed to Nicolas Flamel

1613……… Release of Marvelous History by Sebastien Michaelis

1617……… Confessions of witches in Guernsey

1618……… A handbook for English judges on pursuing witches is published

1621……… Trial and confession of Elizabeth Sawyer

1622……… Release of L’incredulité et mescreance du sortilège by Pierre de Lancre

1625……… Death of King James I of England (1566-1625)

1626……… The Würzburg witch trials (1626-1631) – Friedrich Spee acted as a witch confessor

……………. The Bamberg witch trials (1626-1631)

1627……… Release of Du sortilège by Pierre de Lancre

1628……… Confessions of Johannes Junius at Bamberg

1631……… Release of Cautio Criminalis, a condemnation of torture during witch trials by Friedrich Spee

1634……… Loudun witch trials in France

1635……… The Roman Inquisition acknowledges that it had found scarcely one trial conducted legally

1637……… The first surviving printed rules of the game of Tarot are published in a pamphlet in France

……………. Witch-hunt at Eichstätt, a town in the federal state of Bavaria, Germany

1639……… The Prague citizen Georgius Barschius wrote to the Jesuit Athanasius Kircher in Rome that he owned a mysterious book that was written in an unknown script (Voynich Manuscript)

1640……… John Aubrey incorrectly connects the Druids with Stonehenge

1641……… English law makes witchcraft a capital crime

1642……… Construction of the Jonathan Corwin House, the “Witch House”, in Salem, Massachusetts

1643……… Trial of Janet Barker and Margaret Lauder at Edinburgh

1645……… Beginning of the New England Witch Trials

1647……… Release of The Discovery of Witches by Matthew Hopkins

1649……… The Covenanter regime pass a new Witchcraft Act extended it to deal with consulters of “Devils and familiar spirits” in Scotland

1650s……. Creation of the Clavicula Salomonis Regis (Lesser Key of Solomon or Lemegeton), anonymous

1650……… Creation of the first ‘Type I’ Tarot of Marseilles by Jean Noblet in Paris

……………. Creation of a Tarot by Jacques Viéville, inspired by various Tarot traditions

1651……… Construction of the Pickering House located on Broad Street, Salem, Massachusetts

……………. Release of Leviathan, a book about the nature of demons, by Thomas Hobbes

1653……… Release of An Advertisement to the Jury-Men of England Touching Witches by Robert Filmer

1654……… Robert Turner translate The Fourth Book of Occult Philosophy in English

1657……… Russian witch-trial at Lukh

1660……… Another wave of witch trials in northern Germany

1661……… George Mackenzie takes part in the Midlothian trials and defended the alleged witch Maevia

1665……… Georgius Barschius send the Voynich Manuscript to Athanasius Kircher

1666……… The Voynich Manuscript is bought by Rudolph II of Bohemia for 600 ducats

1668……… Construction of the House of the Seven Gables in Salem, Massachusetts

1672……… Date on the Two of Coins card from the ‘Type II’ Tarot of Marseilles by François Chosson

1675……… The Torsåker witch trials takes place in Sweden (71 people are executed in a single day)

……………. The Salzburg witch trials in Austria led to the death of 139 people (1675-1690)

1677……… Release of The Displaying of Supposed Witchcraft by John Webster

1678……… Release of Laws and Customs of Scotland in Matters Criminal by George Mackenzie

1680……… Death of Athanasius Kircher (1602-1680)

1682……… King Louis XIV of France prohibits further witchcraft trials in that country

……………. Mary Trembles and Susannah Edward are the last documented Witches hanged in England

1684……… Last execution for witchcraft (Alice Molland) in England

……………. Release of The Kabbalah Unveiled by Christian Knorr von Rosenroth

1685……… The Ogham alphabet is first discussed by Roderic O’Flaherty

1688……… Irish washerwoman, Ann Glover, is executed for Witchcraft in Boston, Massachusetts

1689……… Release of Memorable Providences, Relating to Witchcrafts […] by Cotton Mather

1691……… Release of De Betoverde Weereld by Balthasar Bekker

1692……… Salem, Massachusetts’ Witchcraft Trials (20 people were executed and 13 died in prison)

……………. Winifred King Benham and her daughter Winifred Jr. are accused (but released) of witchcraft in Wallingford, Connecticut

1693……… In Salem, Governor Phips pardons the remaining accused witches

……………. Release Wonders of the Invisible World by Cotton Mather, with “proofs” of witchcraft

1695……… Release of The World Bewitched (translation of his 1691 work) by Balthasar Bekker

1697……… Winifred King Benham and her daughter Winifred Jr. were accused of witchcraft once again

……………. Last large witch-hunt in Scotland, under the judgment of minister James Hutchinson

1700s……. Creation of the La poule noire (Black Pullet) by an anonymous French officer

1701……… Creation of a version of the ‘Type I’ Tarot of Marseilles by Jean Dodal in Lyon

1702……… Possible creation date for Le Petit Albert (Lesser Albert) by Albertus Parvus Lucius

1705……… Prohibition of torture by Christian Thomasius, opponent of the prosecution of witches

1706……… Grace Sherwood is tried by ducking and jailed for allegedly being a witch in Virginia

1709……… Creation of the first ‘Type II’ Tarot of Marseilles by Pierre Madenié in Dijon

1712……… Jane Wenham is the last person to be convicted (but acquitted) of Witchcraft in England

1713……… Creation of a version of the ‘Type I’ Tarot of Marseilles by Jean Pierre Payen in Avignon

1716……… Mary Hicks and her daughter Elizabeth are hanged in the last witchcraft execution in England

……………. John Toland calls for Druids to meet at the England’s Apple Tree Tavern a year and a day later

1717……… First supposed meeting of The Druid Circle of the Universal Bond

1718……… Creation of a version of the ‘Type II’ Tarot of Marseilles by Francois Héri in Switzerland

1725……… Creation of the Florentine Minchiate Etruria Tarot deck in Florence

1726……… Origin of story about St Patrick using the shamrock to explain the Holy Trinity to the Pagan

1727……… Janet Horne is the last person to be executed for witchcraft in Scotland

1729……… William Stukeley calls himself an “Arch-Druid”

1735……… The parliament of the Kingdom of Great Britain passes the Witchcraft Act

1736……… The English Witchcraft Act is repealed, formally ending witch hunts and trials

……………. Creation of a version of the ‘Type II’ Tarot of Marseilles by François Chosson in Marseilles

1737……… The Charitable Irish Society of Boston organizes the first observance of Saint Patrick’s Day

1739……… Creation of a version of the ‘Type II’ Tarot of Marseilles by Jean-Baptiste Madenié in Dijon

1740……… William Stukeley publishes notes on Stonehenge based on Aubrey’s ideas

1745……… Creation of a version of the ‘Type II’ Tarot of Marseilles by François Tourcaty in Marseilles

1748……… Fake date listed on the ‘Type II’ Tarot of Marseilles by “Arnoult” Lequart in Besançon

1750……… Maria Pauer is the last person to be executed for witchcraft in Salzburg, Austria

……………. Creation of a version of the ‘Type II’ Tarot of Marseilles by Rochus Schär in Switzerland

1751……… Ruth Osborne, an English woman, is accused of being a witch and dies by ducking

……………. Creation of a version of the ‘Type II’ Tarot of Marseilles by Claude Burdel in Switzerland

……………. Jean-Baptiste Alliette (Etteilla) claims that he had been introduced into the art of cartomancy

1755……… Austria officially ends its Witchcraft trials

1756……… Zeritschin (15 years old) is last person in Germany to be executed for witchcraft

1759……… First St Patrick’s Day celebration in Montréal by Irish soldiers in the Montreal Garrison

1760……… The Salem Courthouse is torn down after being active from 1677 to 1718

……………. Possible creation date for The Grimoire of Pope Honorius, attributed to Pope Honorius III

……………. Creation of a version of the ‘Type II’ Tarot of Marseilles by Nicolas Conver in Marseilles

……………. Creation of a version of the ‘Type II’ Tarot of Marseilles by François Bourlion in Marseilles

……………. Creation of a version of the ‘Type II’ Tarot of Marseilles by Jean-Pierre Laurent in Belfort

1762……… New York’s first Saint Patrick’s Day observance in the home of John Marshall

……………. Creation of a version of the ‘Type II’ Tarot of Marseilles by Joseph Fautrier in Marseilles

1763……… Marie Joséphine Corriveau is the first Canadian to be found guilty of witchcraft

1768……… Hungary officially ends its Witchcraft trials

……………. Creation of a version of the ‘Type II’ Tarot of Marseilles by Antoine Bourlion in Marseilles

1770……… Release of Etteilla, ou manière de se récréer avec un jeu de cartes by Jean-Baptiste Alliette

1771……… The first documented St Patrick’s Day Celebration in Philadelphia

1773……… Release of a chapter on Tarot in Le Monde primitif by Antoine Court de Gébelin

1775……… Last official execution for Witchcraft (Anna Maria Schwiigel) in Bavaria, Germany

……………. Release of Conversational Cards, the first oracle deck, by S. Hooper in England

1776……… Maria Theresa outlawed witch burnings and torture in Austria

1780s……. Creation of a version of the ‘Type II’ Tarot of Marseilles by Ignaz Krebs in Switzerland

1780……… Creation of the “Belgian Tarot” by François-Jean Vandenborre, Brussels

……………. Creation of the “Ancient Tarot of Bologna” in Italy

1781……… Foundation of the Ancient Order of Druids (AOD) by Henry Hurle based on Stukeley’s ideas

……………. Antoine Court de Gébelin initiates the interpretation of the Tarot as an esoteric arcane

1782……… Anna Göldi is the last witch executed in Switzerland and is the “last” executed in Europe

……………. Creation of a version of the ‘Type II’ Tarot of Marseilles by Jacques Rochias in Switzerland

1783……… The Doruchów witch trial occurs in Poland (14 women executed)

1784……… Death of Antoine Court de Gébelin (1725-1784)

1785……… Release of Manière de se récréer avec le jeu de cartes nommées Tarots by Jean-Baptiste Alliette

1788……… Creation of the first Etteilla deck (‘Etteilla I’) by Jean-Baptiste Alliette

……………. Marie Lenormand learn and use the divination systems of the Etteilla cards

1790……… Release of Book of Thoth: Cour théorique et pratique du Livre du Thot by Jean-Baptiste Alliette including his reworking of what would later be called the “Major” and “Minor Arcana”

1791……… Death of Jean-Baptiste “Etteilla” Alliette (1738-1791)

1792……… Iolo Morganwg (Edward Williams) founds the Gorsedd at Primrose Hill

1793……… Two last women are executed in Poland for sorcery by a legal court with dubious legitimacy

……………. Creation of a version of the ‘Type II’ Tarot of Marseilles by Arnoux & Amphoux in Marseilles

1794……… Creation of a version of the ‘Type II’ Tarot of Marseilles by François Carrajat in Chambéry

……………. Release of Les Amusements des Allemands, a fortune-telling cards deck, in London

1796……… Release of Les Amusements des Allemands, a booklet, by Champante and Whitrow in London

1799……… Opening of the Peabody Essex Museum in Salem, Massachusetts

……………. Release of Das Spiel der Hoffnung (Game of Hope) by Johann Kaspar Hechtel of Nuremberg

1800……… Execution of Anna Klemens in Denmark for Satanic witchcraft

……………. Creation of a version of the ‘Type II’ Tarot of Marseilles by André Arnoux in Marseilles

1801……… Release of The Magus by Francis Barrett

1804……… The ‘Etteilla I’ deck is reprinted by one of Jean-Baptiste Alliette’s students

1806……… Release of a drawing of John Dee and Edward Kelley as necromancers by Ebenezer Sibly

1811……… Barbara Zdunk is executed in Prussia, not technically for witchcraft but for arson

1816……… A girl from Picardy, France, is possessed by three demons called Zozo, Mimi and Grapoulet

1817……… John Bell and his family are haunted by Kate Batts, aka the Bell Witch, in Adams, Tennessee

1818……… Fortune teller Marie Lenormand is presented in Paris to Emperor Alexander I of Russia

……………. Release of the Dictionnaire Infernal by Jacques Collin de Plancy, mentioning “Zozo”

1820……… Marie Catherine Laveau become the “Queen of Voodoo” in New Orleans, Louisiana

……………. Irish immigration increase towards America due to construction works in the Northeast

……………. Release of The Legend of Sleepy Hollow by Washington Irving

1821……… Marie Lenormand is accused of heresy for alluding her connection with the archangel Gabriel

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POST BURNING TIME ERA
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1830s……. The church ceases the execution of witches in South America

……………. Tea Leaf Reading becomes popular as parlor game

1830……… Foundation of the United Ancient Order of Druids (UAOD) by members of AOD

……………. Creation of a Tarot deck by Stefano Vergnano in Turin (Inspired by Tarot of Marseilles)

1833……… A Tennessee man is prosecuted for witchcraft

……………. Bernard J. Dondorf opens a lithographic printing business in Frankfurt

1835……… The Dublin Penny Journal carries a lengthy discourse on the legend of Jack-o’-the-Lantern

1836……… Execution of Krystyna Ceynowa in Poland for sorcery

……………. Salem, Massachusetts, is incorporated as a city

1837……… An Ireland pub holds a carved gourd competition for the best crown of “Jack McLantern”

1838……… Release of De operatione daemonum based on the works of Michael Psellus

1839……… Release of Women, Church and State by Matilda Joslyn Gage, which included the figure of nine million executed as witches

……………. First lodge of the UAOD established in New York City

……………. Bernard J. Dondorf starts the production of playing cards by stencil-colored lithography

……………. Creation of a version of the ‘Type II’ Tarot of Marseilles by Suzanne Bernardin in Marseilles

1840s……. Spiritualism developed and reached its peak growth in membership

1840……… Release of the ‘Etteilla II’ deck, with variations from Etteilla’s original titling and imagery

1843……… Death of Marie Anne Adelaide Lenormand (1772-1843)

1845……… Ireland’s Potato Blight disease launches the second wave of Irish immigration to America

……………. Creation of a deck of 36 illustrated cards known as the Petit Lenormand or Lenormand

1846……… Release of Dictionnaire Sciences Occultes et des Idées superstitieuses by Jacques Collin de Plancy

1848……… Spiritualism have more than eight million followers in the United States and Europe

……………. Foundation of the Grimaud House, a playing cards factory by Baptiste Paul Grimaud

……………. The Fox sisters (Leah, Margaret and Kate) lives in an haunted house in Hydesville, New York

……………. The Fox sisters challenges an invisible spirit ” Mr. Splitfoot” to repeat the snaps of her fingers

1849……… The Fox sisters demonstrated their spiritualist rapping at the Corinthian Hall in Rochester

1850s……. Hippolyte Léon Denizard Rivail (Allan Kardec) becomes interested in séances

1850……… The Fox sisters becomes famous and their public séances in New York attracts notable people

……………. The cracking of joints method is theorized to explain the rappings of the Fox sisters

1851……… Release of the novel The House of the Seven Gables by Nathaniel Hawthorne

……………. Mrs. Norman Culver admitted in a signed statement that she had assisted the Fox sisters during their séances by touching them to indicate when the raps should be made

1852……… The end of the Great Famine in Ireland (1845-1852) caused by the Potato Blight disease

1853……… The “ideomotor effect” is described by Michael Faraday on table-turning

……………. First use of the word “Planchette” in France

……………. Charles Grafton Page investigates the Fox sisters and claims they used fraudulent methods

1856……… Release of Dogma and Ritual of Transcendental Magic by Eliphas Levi

1857……… Release of Le Livre des Esprits by Allan Kardec

……………. The Boston Courier set up a prize of $500 to any medium who could demonstrate paranormal ability to their committee but everyone, including the Fox sisters, failed the test

1859……… Release of Qu’est-ce que le spiritisme? by Allan Kardec

1860……… Creation of the 1JJ Swiss Tarot by Johannes Müller (Juno & Jupiter replaces Papess & Pope)

1861……… American Civil War begins

……………. Release of Le Livre des Médiums by Allan Kardec

……………. Kenneth Mackenzie visits Eliphas Levi in Paris and creates the Cypher Manuscript and Book T

1862……… French writer Jules Michelet advocates a return to goddess worship, and sees women’s natural inclination to witchcraft as positive

……………. Release of Iolo Morganwg’s Barddas (Volume I) by John Williams Ab Ithel

……………. Release of La Sorcière by Jules Michelet in which he put forth the idea that the witches had been following a Pagan religion

1863……… Execution of Dummy, the Witch of Sible Hedingham in England

……………. Mary Todd Lincoln conducts a séance in the White House to contact her deceased son

……………. Images are added to the Dictionnaire Infernal by Jacques Collin de Plancy

1864……… Release of L’Évangile selon le spiritisme by Allan Kardec

1865……… American Civil War ends

……………. Mediums do significant business in allowing survivors to contact lost relatives after the war

……………. Creation of Bourgeois Tarot (Tarot Nouveau) by C.L. Wüst cardmaker of Frankfurt Germany

……………. Release of Le Ciel et l’Enfer by Allan Kardec

1866……… Jack-o’-Lantern are first associated with Halloween

1867……… Charles Wentworth Upham theorizes that “Gallows Hill” is the site of Salem’s executions

1868……… Release of La Génèse selon le spiritisme by Allan Kardec

1869……… Death of Allan Kardec (1804-1869)

……………. Death of Hippolyte Léon Denizard Rivail (Allan Kardec) (1804-1869)

1870s……. Helena Petrovna Blavatsky becomes involved in the Spiritualist movement

1870……… Creation of the ‘Etteilla III’ deck (aka Book of Thoth Etteilla; Grand Jeu de Oracle des Dames) containing still more variations from Etteilla’s original standard

1874……… Release of Iolo Morganwg’s Barddas (Volume II) by John Williams Ab Ithel

……………. Foundation of the Ancient Archaeological Order of Druids (AAOD) by Robert Wentworth Little

……………. Death of Eliphas Levi (1810-1875)

1875……… Foundation of the Theosophical Society by Helena Blavatsky, Henry Steel Olcott, William Quan Judge, and others

1879……… Foundation of the Correllian Nativist Tradition by Orpheis Caroline High Correll

……………. Foundation of Green Witchcraft by Ann Moura’s family (before 1890)

1880s……. The spiritualism movement weakens due to accusations of fraud perpetrated by mediums

……………. Anton Chevreul uses a pendulum to uncovers information in the subconscious mind

1880……… Release of the “Blue Dondorf” Lenormand deck by Bernard J. Dondorf

……………. Release of the “Purple Dondorf” Lenormand deck by Bernard J. Dondorf

1881……… Death of Marie Catherine Laveau (1794-1881)

……………. Death of Jacques Collin de Plancy (1793-1881)

1886……… New name for AAOD: Ancient Masonic Order of Druids (AMOD)

……………. The New York Daily Tribune reports on a talking board being used in Northern Ohio

1887……… Release of the “Dondorf Fortune Telling Cards No. 1” Lenormand deck by Bernard J. Dondorf

1888……… Foundation of the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn by William Robert Woodman, William Wynn Westcott, and Samuel Liddell MacGregor Mathers

……………. Margaret Fox told her story of the origins of the mysterious “rappings” in a signed confession

……………. Kate Fox claims that spiritualism is one of the greatest curses that the world has ever known

1889……… Spiritualism continues as if the confessions of the Fox sisters had never happened

……………. Creation of a 22-card Tarot deck by Oswald Wirth in Paris (Inspired by Tarot of Marseilles)

……………. Death of Anton Chevreul (1786-1889)

1890s……. Foundation of the Celtic Mystical Order by William Butler Yeats

1890……… Release of The Golden Bough by Sir James George Frazer

……………. Creation of a version of the ‘Type II’ Tarot of Marseilles by “Arnoult” Lequart in Paris

……………. Grimaud distributes the pattern of Bourgeois Tarot/Tarot Nouveau (78 cards playing game)

……………. Release of the “French Dondorf” Lenormand deck by Bernard J. Dondorf

……………. Release of the Witch Spoon by Daniel Low and manufactured by William B. Durgin in Salem

……………. Elijah Bond, Charles Kennard and William H.A. Maupin from the Kennard Novelty Company ask to patent a planchette sold with a board on which the alphabet is printed

……………. William Fuld and Miss Peters uses the talking board to find its name, spelling O-U-I-J-A

……………. Death of Leah Fox (1814-1890)

1891……… Kennard Novelty Company receives the U.S. Patent # 446,054 for the Ouija talking board

……………. First add for “Ouija, the Wonderful Talking Board”, in a Pittsburgh toy and novelty shop

……………. Release of the “Ouija” talking board, in pine, by the Kennard Novelty Company

……………. Discovery of the Celtic Gundestrup Cauldron (1st Century BCE) in Himmerland, Denmark

……………. Release of the second Witch Spoon by Daniel Low, manufactured by the Gorham Corporation

……………. Death of Helena Petrovna Blavatsky (1831-1891)

1892……… Salem, Massachusetts, is labeled the “Witch City” during the 200th anniversary of the trials

……………. Charles Kennard leaves Kennard Novelty Company

……………. Kennard Novelty Company is renamed as The Ouija Novelty Company

……………. The new Ouija boards are now made in veneer instead of pine

……………. Release of The Tarot of the Bohemians by Papus

……………. Death of Catherine “Kate” Fox (1837-1892)

1893……… Death of Margaret “Maggie” Fox (1833-1893)

1894……… Release of Mlle. Le Normand’s Gypsy Witch Fortune Telling Cards by Frederick J. Drake & Co.

……………. Release of An Authenticated History of the Bell Witch by Martin Van Buren Ingram

1895……… First record of costumed children going door to door in Scotland and Ireland at Halloween

……………. Bridget Cleary was beaten and burned to death by her husband, Michael Cleary, in Ireland because he suspected that fairies had taken the real Bridget and replaced her with a witch

1897……… Release of The Book of the Sacred Magic of Abramelin the Mage, translated by Samuel L. MacGregor Mathers

1898……… Aleister Crowley joins the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn

……………. The new Ouija boards are now made with bird’s eye maple for the veneer

1899……… Release of Aradia or the Gospel of the Witches by Charles Godfrey Leland

1900……… Release of the novel The Wonderful Wizard of Oz by L. Frank Baum

1901……… Foundation of Llewellyn Publishing by Llewellyn George in Oregon

……………. William Fuld started production of his own talking boards, still under the name “Ouija”

1903……… St Patrick’s Day became an official public holiday in Ireland

……………. The first St Patrick’s Day parade in Ireland was held in Waterford in 1903

……………. Release of the Gypsy Witch Fortune Telling Playing Cards by Home Game Co.

……………. Death of Charles Godfrey Leland (1824-1903)

1904……… Creation of the mystical system of Thelema by Aleister Crowley

1907……… Blooming of the commercial Ouija boards

1908……… Discovery of The Venus of Willendorf statuette (2800-2500 BCE) by J. Veran in Austria

……………. Candied Apple invented by William W. Kolb – These will be associated with Halloween

……………. Release of the movie Macbeth directed by James Stuart Blackton

1909……… Foundation of the Druid Order/An Druidh Uileach Braithreachas (ADUB) by George Watson MacGregor-Reid

……………. Release of Liber 777 by Aleister Crowley

……………. The Rider-Waite Tarot prototype deck is presented to the public for display at a fair

……………. Release of The Key to the Tarot by Arthur Edward Waite

1910……… Release of the Rider-Waite Tarot by Arthur Edward Waite, published by William Rider & Son

……………. Release of Astrological Lectures by Llewellyn George

1911……… First record of costumed children going door to door in North America (Kingston, Ontario)

……………. The Ouija boards gets a new look, without the stenciled design, and still made from veneer

……………. Release of The Pictorial Key to the Tarot by Arthur Edward Waite

……………. Release of The Fairy-Faith in Celtic Countries by Walter Yeeling Evans-Wentz

……………. Release of The Book of Ceremonial Magic by Arthur Edward Waite

1912……… Revival of AMOD with the foundation of the Ancient Order of Masonic Druids in America (AOMDA) by James Manchester

……………. Wilfrid Voynich acquires the Voynich Manuscript at the Villa Mondragone in Italy

……………. Release of the Golden Dawn’s Book T by Aleister Crowley

……………. Translation of The Kabbalah Unveiled by Samuel L. MacGregor Mathers

……………. Pearl Curran and Emily Grant Hutchings first experience with a Ouija board

1913……… Pearl Curran uses the Ouija board to enters in communication with “Patience Worth”

1914……… World War I begins

1915……… The Voynich Manuscript is presented to the public at the Art Institute of Chicago

……………. The Ouija board has now a smiling moon face instead of a full black moon

1916……… Cecil Williamson visits his uncle in North Bovey (Devon) and sees a woman publicly beaten and accused of being a witch

……………. Pearl Curran publishes poems and stories claimed to be dictated from a Ouija board

1917……… Emily Grant Hutchings claims that her novel Jap Herron is dictated by Mark Twain’s spirit using a Ouija board

……………. Frater Achad (Charles Stansfeld Jones) uses the Ouija board as a means of summoning Angels

1918……… World War I ends

……………. Spiritualist Pearl Curran gives back the Ouija board its reputation for serious use with spirits

……………. Pearl Curran also states that the Ouija board can be used for divination

……………. Death of Samuel L. MacGregor Mathers (1854-1918)

1919……… Release of The Book of Hallowe’en by Ruth Edna Kelley

1920s……. Creation of the Aynsley-Nelros “Cup of Fortune” used for Tea Leaf Reading

1920 …….. Wilhelm Printz discovers an Arabic version of the Picatrix

……………. William Fold claims to have reached millionaire status from Ouija board alone

……………. Would-be-crime solvers uses the Ouija board for clues in the murder of Joseph Burton Elwell

……………. Release of the animated movie Out of the Inkwell: The Ouija Board directed by Max Fleisher

1921……… Release of The Witch-Cult in Western Europe by Margaret Murray

……………. Sidney Peley theorizes that Proctor’s Ledge is the hanging site of 1692’s Salem witch trials

……………. Cecil Williamson is bullied at the Malvern College and receives help from a witch on how to cast a spell on the bully

……………. Death of Elijah Bond (1847-1921)

1922……… Release of The Waste Land by T.S. Eliot (Cartomancy reference: “wicked pack of cards”)

……………. Release of the movie Häxan: Witchcraft Through the Ages directed by Benjamin Christensen

1926……… Release of The History of Witchcraft and Demonology by Rev. Montague Summers

……………. Release of Le Tarot des imagiers du Moyen Âge by Oswald Wirth

1927……… Earliest known use in print of the term “Trick or Treat” in the Blackie Herald Alberta, Canada

……………. Release of The Geography of Witchcraft by Rev. Montague Summers

……………. Death of William Fuld (1870-1927)

1928……… Murder of Nelson Rehmeyer in Hex Hollow (Pennsylvania) with allegations of witchcraft

……………. The Malleus Maleficarum is translated by Rev. Montague Summers

……………. Israel Regardie meets with Aleister Crowley and becomes his secretary

1929……… First yearly celebration of St Patrick’s Day organized by the United Irish Societies of Montreal

……………. Release of The Confessions of Aleister Crowley: An Autohagiography by Aleister Crowley

1930s……. Foundation of the New Forest Coven by Rosamund Sabine

……………. Spiritualism evolves into Syncretism, Spiritualist Church and Psychical Research

……………. Devil’s Night (October 30), a time for vandalism and arson, begins in Detroit, Michigan

1930……… Release of a re-created version of the Conver’s Tarot of Marseilles by Paul Marteau

……………. Two Indian women murders Clothilde Marchand in Buffalo, New York, after using a Ouija

……………. Death of Wilfrid Voynich (1865-1930)

……………. The Voynich Manuscript passes to Wilfrid Voynich’s wife, Ethel Lilian Voynich

……………. Cecil Williamson study Witchcraft and became an acquaintance of Margaret Murray, Montague Summers and Aleister Crowley

1931……… Release of A Garden of Pomegranates, a primer on Kabbalah, by Israel Regardie

1932……… Release of The Tree of Life by Israel Regardie

1933……… Release of The God of the Witches by Margaret Murray

1934……… Israel Regardie joins Stella Matutina, a successor organization of the Golden Dawn

……………. First use of the term “Trick or Treat” in the United States

1935……… Audrey I. Richards relates a new wave of witchfinders, the Bamucapi, in Zambia

……………. The Third Reich document cases of witch-hunting and witch burning from all over Germany

……………. Release of The Christian Witch Craze by Heinrich Himmler

1936 …….. Salem acquires the land called “Proctor’s Ledge” and rename it “Witch Memorial Land”

1937……… Death of Pearl Lenore Curran (1883-1937)

……………. Release of A Popular History of Witchcraft by Rev. Montague Summers

……………. Israel Regardie begins publishing all of the Golden Dawn’s teachings and rituals

1938……… Frieda Harris begins the original oil paintings for Aleister Crowley’s Thoth Tarot deck

……………. The Ouija boards have now a faced sun replacing the faced full moon and the crescent moon and star now have a face as well. The design is now printed on paper covering hardboard.

……………. Cecil Williamson is hired by MI6 to investigate the Nazi’s occult interests

……………. Cecil Williamson forms the Witchcraft Research Center

1939……… World War II begins

……………. Gerald Gardner joins the New Forest Coven and is initiated into “Wica” by Dorothy Clutterbuck or Edith Woodford-Grimes (Edith Rose Wray)

……………. First use of the term “Trick or Treat” in a national publication in the United States

……………. Release of the movie The Wizard of Oz directed by Victor Fleming et al.

1940s……. Creation of Feri Witchcraft by Victor Anderson

……………. Gerald Gardner meets Ross Nichols at the Spielplatz nudist club in the Bricket Wood village

1940……… Operation Cone of Power by New Forest Coven during the midst of the Second World War

……………. Emergence of many artistic and colorful talking boards using another label than “Ouija”

1941……… Release of the movie The Wolf Man directed by George Waggner

1942……… Death of Arthur Edward Waite (1857-1942)

……………. Frieda Harris finishes the oil paintings for Aleister Crowley’s Thoth deck (Published in 1969)

1944……… Jane Rebecca Yorke is last person convicted under the Witchcraft Act in London

……………. Release of The Book of Thoth: A Short Essay on the Tarot of the Egyptians by Aleister Crowley

1945……… World War II ends

1946……… Release of Witchcraft and Black Magic by Rev. Montague Summers

……………. Cecil Williamson meets Gerald Gardner in the Atlantis Bookshop in London

1947……… Gerald Gardner meets Aleister Crowley and learns about Thelema

……………. Gerald Gardner travels to New Orleans and learn about Voodoo

……………. Foundation of Gardnerian Wicca by Gerald Gardner

……………. Cecil Williamson tries to open a museum about witchcraft in Stratford-on-Avon

……………. Death of Aleister Crowley (1875-1947)

1948……… Release of The White Goddess by Robert Graves

……………. Cecil Williamson bought the dilapidated Witches’ Will at Castletown on the Isle of Man

……………. 20th and last edition of the Index Librorum Prohibitorum (List of Prohibited Books)

……………. Death of Montague Summers (1880-1948)

……………. Release of the movie Macbeth directed by Orson Welles

1949……… Cecil Williamson opens the Folklore Center of Superstition and Witchcraft at Castletown

……………. Gerald Gardner begins Ye Bok of Ye Art Magical, his personal book of shadows

……………. Irish immigration to the United States began to decrease

……………. Possession and exorcism of Ronald Doe/Robbie Manheim after playing with a Ouija board

……………. Release of the novel High Magic’s Aid by Gerald Gardner – It contains Wicca practices

……………. Release of the animated movie The Adventures of Ichabod and Mr. Toad directed by James Algar, Clyde Geronimi, and Jack Kinney

1950……… The Ouija boards now comes with a cream colored plastic planchette instead of wood

……………. Death of Charles Stansfeld Jones (1886-1950)

====================================================
POST WITCHCRAFT ACT ERA (Ritualistic Witchcraft)
====================================================

1951……… Repealing of the Witchcraft Act; replaced with the Fraudulent Mediums Act

……………. Cecil Williamson renames his center as Museum of Magic and Witchcraft

……………. Gerald Gardner becomes the “resident witch” at Cecil Williamson’s museum

……………. Foundation of Cochranian Witchcraft by Robert Cochrane

……………. Release of “Aion: Phenomenology of the Self” in The Portable Jung by Carl G. Jung

1952……… Doreen Valiente is initiated into Witchcraft by Gerald Gardner

……………. Cecil Williamson sells his museum to Gerald Gardner and returns to England

……………. Opening of the Museum of Witchcraft by Cecil Williamson in Windsor

……………. Foundation of the New England Center for Psychic Research by Ed and Lorraine Warren

……………. Opening of the Warren’s Occult Museum Ed and Lorraine Warren in Connecticut

1953……… Premiere of the play The Crucible by Arthur Miller in New York

1954……… Vietnam War begins

……………. Ross Nichols joins the Ancient Order of Druids (AOD)

……………. Release of Witchcraft Today by Gerald Gardner

……………. Cecil Williamson moves his museum to Bourton-on-the-Water in Gloucestershire

……………. Death of Llewellyn George (1876-1954)

1956……… Foundation of Weiser Books (Red Wheel), a publisher of occult and esoteric books

1957 …….. Creation of the Wiccan Laws by Gerald Gardner

……………. Foundation of the Fellowship of Hesperides (Feraferia) by Frederick Adams

……………. Release of the movie The Crucible directed by Raymond Rouleau

1958……… The 8 Sabbats of the Wheel of the Year are established in Gerald Gardner’s Coven

……………. Release of the movie Bell Book and Candle directed by Richard Quine

1959……… It is believed that Wicca comes to Canada through a Gardner initiate (Dayonis)

……………. Release of The Meaning of Witchcraft by Gerald Gardner

……………. Release of the animated movie Sleeping Beauty directed by Clyde Geronimi

1960……… Release of Gerald Gardner: Witch by Idries Shah (but they used the name Jack L. Bracelin)

……………. Roy Blunden, one of Gardner’s Initiates, emigrates to Canada and settles in southern BC

……………. Cecil Williamson moves his museum to Boscastle in Cornwall

……………. Death of Ethel Lilian Voynich (1864-1960) – The manuscript passes to his wife Miss Anne Nill

1960s……. Foundation of a Canadian Isis-Urania Temple, from the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn

……………. Many Druidry movements are “Paganized”, following the Wicca trend

1960……… Jim Davies, a Wiccan initiate by Gerald Gardner, emigrates to Toronto, Canada

1961……… Gerald Gardner meets Robert Graves on Majorca and learns about The White Goddess

……………. Carl Weschcke purchases Llewellyn Publishing and moves the company to St. Paul, Minnesota

……………. Miss Anne Nill sell the Voynich Manuscript to Hans Peter Kraus

1962……… Foundation of The Church of All Worlds (CAW) by Oberon Zell-Ravenheart (Timothy Zell)

……………. Release of Where Witchcraft Lives by Doreen Valiente

1963……… Foundation of the Reformed Druids of North America (RDNA) by David Fisher, David Frangquist, Howard Cherniack, Jan Johnson and Norman Nelson at Carleton College

……………. Foundation of Alexandrian Wicca by Alex Sanders (Orrell Alexander Carter)

……………. Death of Margaret Alice Murray (1863-1963)

1964……… Foundation of the Order of Bards, Ovates and Druids (OBOD) by Ross Nichols

……………. Release of Zen Meditation, an album by Tony Scott, considered as the first new age recording

……………. Death of Gerald Gardner (1884-1964)

……………. Release of the movie Witchcraft directed by Don Sharp

……………. Broadcast of the TV show Bewitched (1964-1972), created by Sol Saks

1966……… Abolition of the Index Librorum Prohibitorum (List of Prohibited Books) by Pope Paul VI

……………. Foundation of LaVeyan Satanism and the Church of Satan by Anton Szandor LaVey

……………. William Fuld’s estate sells the family business, including the Ouija board, to Parker Brothers

……………. Parker Brothers moves William Fuld Inc. to Salem, Massachusetts

……………. Parker Brothers starts manufacturing the modern Ouija boards

……………. Parker Brothers uses the now famous tagline by for Ouija boards “It’s just a game… isn’t it?”

……………. In the United States, the Rider-Waite Tarot deck falls into the public domain

……………. Release of the movie The Witches directed by Cyril Frankel

……………. Death of Robert Cochrane (1931-1966)

1967……… Cameroon (Africa) has re-established witchcraft-accusations in courts after its independence

……………. Foundation of the New Reformed Orthodox Order of the Golden Dawn (NROOGD) by e.l.f. Silverlocke, Glen Turner, Judy Greenwood and Aidan A. Kelly

……………. Two million Ouija boards are sold by Parker Brothers, outselling the famous Monopoly game

……………. Release of the novel Ritual by David Pinner, which was adapted as The Wicker Man movie

1968……… Foundation of The Church and School of Wicca by Gavin Frost and Yvonne Frost

……………. Isaac Bonewits joins the RDNA, and the organization becomes more explicitly Neo-Pagan

……………. Foundation of U.S. Games Systems, a leader in publishing tarot, and oracle decks in the USA

……………. Release of the Frankie Albano’s Tarot deck, a re-coloration of Pamela Colman Smith’s artwork

====================================================
NEW AGE ERA (Consciousness Witchcraft)
====================================================

1969……… Woodstock Festival and rising of the New Age/Age of Aquarius phenomenon

……………. Raven Grimassi becomes involved with Wicca

……………. Foundation of the Silver Chalice Land Trust Tradition by Jayne Tomas

……………. The Voynich Manuscript is donated to Yale University, catalogued under call number MS 408

……………. Release of the first edition of Aleister Crowley’s Thoth Tarot deck, created in early 1940s

……………. Release of Weird Ways of Witchcraft by Leo Louis Martello

……………. Release of The Satanic Bible by Anton Szandor LaVey

……………. Release of the documentary Legend of the Witches directed by Malcolm Leigh

1970……… The first Earth Day is celebrated worldwide by 20 million people

……………. Ouija board users are described as “cult members” by sociologists

……………. Foundation of the Monastic Order of Avallon by Henri Hillion de Coatmoc’han

……………. Foundation of Georgian Wicca by George Eliott (Pat) Patterson III

……………. Foundation of the Witches International Craft Associates (WICA) by Leo Louis Martello

……………. Leo Louis Martello hold a “Witch-In” in Sheep Meadow, at the south end of Central Park

……………. Opening of The Witch Shoppe, the first Salem witchy store, by Laurie Cabot on Derby Street

……………. Ed and Lorraine Warren investigates on the Annabelle demonic possessed doll

……………. Two episodes of the TV show Bewitched (1964-1972) are filmed at Salem

……………. Release of Mastering Witchcraft, the first mainstream manual for witches, by Paul Huson

……………. Release of The Complete Guide to the Tarot by Eden Gray, describing the “Fool’s Journey”

……………. Release of The Eye in the Triangle, a biography of Aleister Crowley by Israel Regardie

……………. Release of the documentary Woodstock directed by Michael Wadleigh

1971……… Foundation of McFarland Dianic Wicca by Morgan McFarland and Mark Roberts

……………. Foundation of the Dianic Wicca by Zsuzsanna Budapest (Zsuzsanna Emese Mokcsay)

……………. Foundation of American Celtic Wicca by Lady Sheba (Jessie Wicker Bell)

……………. Foundation of Greenpeace in Vancouver

……………. Laurie Cabot moves her shop to Essex Street, Salem, and renames it Crow Haven Corner

……………. More than 10 million Ouija boards have been sold in the USA alone

……………. Ed and Lorraine Warren investigates the Perron Family Haunting in Harrisville, Rhode Island

……………. Release of the Rider-Waite Tarot by U.S. Games Systems, the most popular version today

……………. Release of What Witches Do by Stewart Farrar about Alexandrian practices

……………. Release of The Grimoire of Lady Sheba by Lady Sheba

……………. Release of The Satanic Witch by Anton Szandor LaVey

……………. Release of the novel The Exorcist by William Peter Blatty

……………. Broadcast of the documentary The Power of the Witch: Real or Imaginary? on BBC directed by Michael Bakewell

……………. Release of the movie Simon, King of the Witches directed by Bruce Kessler

……………. Release of the movie Macbeth directed by Roman Polanski

……………. Release of Led Zeppelin IV, the fourth studio album by Led Zeppelin, with four symbols: the Saturn “Zoso” symbol, a Triquetra, the Borromean rings, and a feather within a circle

197?……… Foundation of Dianic Feminist Wicca by Ann Forfreedom

1972……… Foundation of Algard Wicca by Mary Nesnick

……………. First Friends of the Craft conference held at New York’s First Unitarian Church

……………. Ásatrú is officially recognized as a religion by the government of Iceland

……………. Opening of the Salem Witch Museum in a renovated historic church

……………. Alexandrian Coven in Vancouver, BC, Canada, goes public (Sion Davies)

……………. Public coven in Victoria, BC, Canada, by Mark Fedoruk (later Lion-Serpent Sun)

……………. Release of the Ouija board with a new box design by Parker Brothers

……………. Release of The Book of Shadows by Lady Sheba

……………. Release of An ABC of Witchcraft: Past and Present by Doreen Valiente

……………. Release of The Satanic Rituals by Anton Szandor LaVey

……………. Release of the movie Virgin Witch directed by Ray Austin

……………. Broadcast of the TV show Ace of Wands (1970-1972), created by Trevor Preston

1973……… Foundation of Seax-Wica (Saxon Wicca) by Raymond Buckland

……………. Foundation of the 1734 Tradition by Joseph Bearwalker Wilson

……………. Public ‘flame war’ in Green Egg magazine among Toronto-area Wiccans and Pagans

……………. Release of the fictional Al Azif (Necronomicon) by L. Sprague De Camp

……………. Release of the movie The Wicker Man directed by Robin Hardy

……………. Release of Tubular Bells, first studio album by Mike Oldfield (Progressive Rock)

……………. Release of the movie The Exorcist directed by William Friedkin

……………. The Ouija board gets a bad reputation and becomes spooky rather than spiritual

……………. Release of the movie Season of the Witch directed by George A. Romero

……………. Release of the movie Live and Let Die (James Bond 8) directed by Guy Hamilton

……………. Release of Clannad, first studio album by Clannad (Irish Folk)

1974……… Creation of the Thirteen Principles of Wiccan Belief by The Council of American Witches

……………. Foundation of The Society for the Revival of Druidism by Philip Shallcrass

……………. Release of The Tree by Raymond Buckland. It is the first of many books to offer a means for performing a self-initiation

……………. Release of the article “How to Form Your Own Coven” in the Green Egg Magazine. This marks the beginning of the end of the hegemony of traditional Wicca in America.

1975……… Vietnam War ends

……………. Foundation of Blue Star Wicca by Frank Dufner

……………. Foundation of the Compost Coven by Starhawk (Miriam Simos)

……………. Foundation of Greenpeace USA

……………. Creation of The Covenant of the Goddess (COG), formed by 13 Covens in California

……………. Steven Halpern’s Spectrum Suite is a key work that begin the New-age music movement

……………. Release of The Definitive Tarot by Bill Butler

……………. Release of the Waite=J.K. Tarot by Tairiku Shobou, in Tokyo, Japan

……………. Death of Ross Nichols (1902-1975)

1976……… New name for AOMDA: Ancient Order of Druids in America (AODA) by Juliet Ashley

……………. Foundation of the New Reformed Druid of North America (NRDNA) an offshoot of RDNA

……………. Foundation of the Schismatic Druids of North America (SDNA) by Isaac Bonewits

……………. Ed and Lorraine Warren investigates the Amityville Horror case in New York

……………. Stephen Kaplan states that the Amityville case is a hoax, confronting Ed and Lorraine Warren

……………. Release of When God Was a Woman by Merlin Stone

1977 …….. Laurie Cabot is declared the “Official Witch of Salem” by Governor Michael Dukakis

……………. Ed and Lorraine Warren investigates the Enfield Poltergeist in the London Borough of Enfield

……………. Release of the Golden Dawn Tarot by the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn

……………. Release of the 2nd edition of Aleister Crowley’s Thoth Tarot deck

……………. Release of the fictional Necronomicon by “Simon” (Peter Levenda, Herman Slater, James Wasserman, L. K. Barnes, Khem Set Rising)

……………. Release of the novel The Amityville Horror by Jay Hanson, based on the events of 1976

……………. Release of the movie Exorcist II: The Heretic directed by John Boorman

1978……… Foundation of the Darkmoon Circle by Diana Paxson and Marion Zimmer Bradley

……………. Release of Witchcraft for Tomorrow by Doreen Valiente

……………. Release of An Introduction to the Golden Dawn Tarot by Robert Wang

……………. Release of Encyclopedia of Tarots (Volumes I-IV) by Stuart Kaplan

……………. Release of the movie Halloween directed by John Carpenter

1979……… Foundation of The Wiccan Church of Canada (WCC) by Richard and Tamarra James

……………. Foundation of Odyssean Wicca by Richard and Tamara James

……………. Foundation of the British Druid Order (BDO) by Philip Shallcrass

……………. Foundation of the Reclaiming organization by Starhawk and Diane Baker

……………. Foundation of the Aridian Tradition (Stregheria, Italian Witchcraft) by Raven Grimassi

……………. Release of the first edition of Drawing Down the Moon by Margot Adler

……………. Release of the first edition of The Spiral Dance by Starhawk (Miriam Simos)

……………. Release of the Morgan-Greer Tarot by Bill Greer, Lloyd Morgan, a redesign of the Rider-Waite

……………. Release of Eine Art Suite in XIII Teilen, first studio album by Andreas Vollenweider (New Age)

1980s……. With the demand, the major recording companies began promoting new-age music

1980……… Biff Michaud makes the Salem Witch Museum more relevant to a new generation of visitors

……………. Release of Seventy-Eight Degrees of Wisdom by Rachel Pollack

……………. Release of The Demonologist: The Extraordinary Career of Ed and Lorraine Warren by Gerald Brittle

……………. Broadcast of the TV documentary episode “In Search of… Salem Witches” with Laurie Cabot

1981……… The Wiccan Church of Canada (WCC) receives pastoral rights from Corrections Canada

……………. Laurie Cabot turns over her Crow Haven Corner shop to her daughter Jody, helped by Penny

……………. Ed and Lorraine Warren investigates the trial of Arne Cheyenne Johnson in Connecticut

……………. Opening of the White Light Pentacles/Sacred Spirits Product store in Salem, Massachusetts

……………. Opening of The Trolley Depot store in Salem, Massachusetts

……………. Release of Eight Sabbats for Witches by Janet and Stewart Farrar

……………. Release of the movie The Evil Dead directed by Sam Raimi

1982……… WiccanFest, Canada’s oldest Pagan festival, is founded north of Toronto

……………. Salem hosts the first Haunted Happenings festival, lasting only one day

……………. Release of Magical Herbalism: The Secret Craft of the Wise by Scott Cunningham

……………. Popularization of Solitary Wicca by Scott Cunningham

……………. Release of the fictional Necronomicon by Colin Wilson, George Hay, Robert Turner and David Langford

……………. Death of Thomas deLong (Gwydion Pendderwen) (1946-1982)

……………. Release of The Changing Light at Sandover by James Merill, an epic Ouija-dictated poem

……………. Release of the movie Halloween III: Season of the Witch directed by Tommy Lee Wallace

1983……… Foundation of Ár nDraíocht Féin (ADF) by Isaac Bonewits

……………. Jim Davies open The Witchy Shop on Harbord Street, Toronto, Canada

……………. Ed and Lorraine Warren investigates on a demonic werewolf case

……………. Release of the novel Legion, the sequel to The Exorcist, by William Peter Blatty

1984……… Release of The Complete Golden Dawn System of Magic by Israel Regardie

……………. Death of George Eliott (Pat) Patterson III (1918-1984)

……………. Release of the movie Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom directed by Steven Spielberg

……………. Release of the movie Ghoulies directed by Luca Bercovici

……………. Release of Optimystique, first studio album by Yanni (New-Age, Instrumental)

……………. Release of the movie Supergirl directed by Jeannot Szwarc

……………. Release of the novel Thinner by Richard Bachman (Stephen King)

1985……… Independent and chain record retail stores are adding sections for new age

……………. The use of the terms Paganism, Wicca, and Magick in published works increase

……………. Death of Robert Graves (1895-1985)

……………. Death of Francis Israel Regardie (1907-1985)

……………. Release of Arcana Mundi: Magic and the Occult in the Greek and Roman Worlds by Georg Luck

……………. Release of Ouija: The Most Dangerous Game by Stoker Hunt

……………. Release of The Serpent and the Rainbow by Wade Davis

……………. Release of the documentary The Occult Experience directed by Frank Heimans

……………. Release of Elemental, first studio album by Loreena McKennitt (New Age, Folk)

====================================================
MODERN ERA (Shamanic Witchcraft)
====================================================

1986……… Wicca became a recognized religion in the USA and is protected by the US Constitution

……………. Charles Arnold wins the right to take Beltane as a paid religious holiday in the Ontario courts

……………. The Silver Chalice Land Trust (1969) is renamed as the Universal Eclectic Wicca (UEW)

……………. Foundation of The Witches’ League for Public Awareness by Laurie Cabot and Christine Dumas to protest the filming of John Updike’s novel, The Witches of Eastwick

……………. Foundation of The Covenant of Unitarian Universalist Pagans (CUUPS)

……………. Thierry Depaulis identifies two groups of Tarot of Marseilles by their iconographic differences

……………. Ed and Lorraine Warren investigates the Haunting in Connecticut

……………. Ed and Lorraine Warren investigates the Smurl Haunting in West Pittston, Pennsylvania

……………. Release of Buckland’s Complete Book of Witchcraft by Raymond Buckland

……………. Release of the 2nd edition of Drawing Down the Moon by Margot Adler

……………. Release of the 3rd edition of Aleister Crowley’s Thoth Tarot deck

……………. The groundwork for Celtic Reconstructionism begins at the Pagan Spirit Gathering

……………. Release of the movie Witchboard directed by Kevin Tenney

……………. Robert Murch gains interest in Ouija boards after seeing the movie Witchboard

……………. Release of Down to the Moon, an album by Andreas Vollenweider (New Age)

……………. Release of A Circle is Cast, first studio album by Libana, formed in 1979 (World, Pagan)

1987……… Wicca became a recognized religion in Canada after Charles Arnold wins a legal battle

……………. Foundation of Witchcamp in British Columbia, Canada,

……………. Foundation of the first Coven in the Province of Quebec, located at St-Jovite

……………. Foundation of Lo Scarabeo, a leader in publishing tarot, and oracle decks in Italy

……………. Creation of the Grammy Award for “Best New Age Album”, won by Andreas Vollenweider

……………. Release of the documentary Herb Magic directed by Scott Cunningham

……………. Release of the movie The Witches of Eastwick directed by George Miller

……………. Release of the movie Angel Heart directed by Alan Parker

……………. Release of the movie Evil Dead II: Dead by Dawn directed by Sam Raimi

……………. Release of The Celts, first studio album by Enya

1988……… Kim M. of Winnipeg, MB, becomes the first declared Wiccan in the Canadian Military

……………. Lion-Serpent Sun libel suit versus David Maines and 100 Huntley Street in Canada

……………. Lori Sforza (Lori Bruno) firstly meet with Christian Day

……………. Release of Kate Sandilands study of Wicca and Neopaganism in Canada

……………. Foundation of the Henge of Keltria (HOK), derived from ADF, by Tony and Pat Taylor

……………. Release of The Truth About Witchcraft Today by Scott Cunningham

……………. Release of Wicca: A Guide for the Solitary Practitioner by Scott Cunningham

……………. Death of Alex Sanders (Orrell Alexander Carter) (1926-1988)

……………. Release of the movie Witchery [Witchcraft] directed by Fabrizio Laurenti

……………. Release of the movie Witchcraft directed by Rob Spera

……………. Release of the movie Child’s Play directed by Tom Holland

……………. Release of the movie The Serpent and the Rainbow directed by Wes Craven

1989……… Foundation of Kaleidoscope Gathering, Canada’s largest Pagan festival in Eastern Ontario

……………. Gavin Bone meets Janet Farrar and Stewart Farrar at a Pagan camp at Groby, near Leicester

……………. Release of the 2nd edition of The Spiral Dance by Starhawk (Miriam Simos)

……………. Release of Witches, Pagans & Magic in the New Age by Kevin Marron

……………. Release of the Law Enforcement Guide to Wicca by Canadian police officer Kerr Cuhulain

……………. Release of the movie Warlock directed by Steve Miner

……………. Release of the movie Witchtrap directed by Kevin Tenney

1990……… Opening of the Voodoo Spiritual Temple store in New Orleans, Louisiana

……………. Release of Celtic Magic, a controversed book by Deanna “D. J”. Conway

……………. Release of the novel The Witching Hour by Anne Rice

……………. Release of the movie The Witches directed by Nicolas Roeg

……………. Release of the movie Exorcist III directed by William Peter Blatty

……………. Release of MCMXC a.D., first studio album by Enigma

1991……… First annual Hawthorne Halloween party in Salem

……………. Opening of the Le mélange magique/The Magical Blend store in Montréal, Canada

……………. Opening of Librairie Quintessence store in St-Sauveur, Canada

……………. Parker Brothers is sold to Hasbro which now holds all the Ouija rights and patents

……………. March has been proclaimed Irish-American Heritage Month by the US Congress or President

……………. Release of the Medieval Scapini Tarot, inspired by the Visconti-Sforza, by Luigi Scapini

……………. Release of the TV movie The Haunted directed by Robert Mandel

1992……… First appearance of the term Celtic Reconstructionist by Kym Lambert ní Dhoireann

……………. Canadian’s Calgary court overturns decision to deny visiting rights to Wiccan George Gay because of his involvement in witchcraft

……………. The Correllian Nativist Tradition (1879) start teaching Wicca

……………. First rumored and non-official “Pagan Pride Day”

……………. Temple of the Lady in BC, Canada, is the first Pagan organization to get “Marrying rights”

……………. Salem’s 300th anniversary of the trials

……………. Salem Witch Trials Memorial is dedicated by Nobel Laureate Elie Wiesel

……………. Robert Murch purchases his first antique Ouija board and to investigates on its origins

……………. Release of The Devil’s Notebook by Anton Szandor LaVey

……………. Release of the movie Army of Darkness directed by Sam Raimi

1993……… Release of Witta: An Irish Pagan Tradition, a controversed book by Edain McCoy

……………. Foundation of the Black Forest Clan Circle & Seminary by Silver RavenWolf

……………. Foundation of the Order of Druids of Ireland (ODI) by Michael McGrath

……………. Foundation of Our Lord and Lady of the Trinacrian Rose Church by Lori Sforza (Lori Bruno)

……………. Opening of the Pyramid Books store in Salem, Massachusetts

……………. Opening of the 3 Trees store in Ottawa, Canada

……………. Death of Scott Cunningham (1956-1993)

……………. Release of the novel Lasher by Anne Rice

……………. Release of the novel El Club Dumas (The Club Dumas) by Arturo Pérez-Reverte

……………. Release of the movie Hocus Pocus directed by Kenny Ortega

……………. Release of the movie Leprechaun directed by Mark Jones

……………. Release of the movie Witchboard 2 directed by Kevin Tenney

1994……… Human Right grievance, religious discrimination, against the BC NDP filed by Sam Wagar in Canada (settled out of court)

……………. Foundation of the Life Temple and Seminary by Lord Laith Angus Min (Donnie Leon Richey)

……………. Foundation of the Concordia University Pagan Society (CUPS) in Montréal, Canada

……………. Opening of the L’Étoile Dorée (Centre Nouvel-Âge) store in Montréal, Canada

……………. Release of the novel Taltos by Anne Rice

……………. Release of the movie The Crow directed by Alex Proyas (story set during Devil’s Night)

……………. Most brutal Devil’s Night (October 30) in Detroit, Michigan

1995……… Foundation of the Crescent Moon School, associated with The Magical Blend store

……………. Release of the novel Practical Magic by Alice Hoffman

……………. Actress Cybill Shepherd comes out as pagan at the 1995 Golden Globe Awards

……………. Christian Day is initiated by Shawn Poirier into Raven Moon Coven in Salem

……………. Opening of The Magic Parlor store in Salem, Massachusetts

……………. Death of Stephen Kaplan (1940-1995)

……………. Release of The Amityville Horror Conspiracy by Stephen Kaplan and Kalpan Kaplan

……………. Release of the novel Wicked by Gregory Maguire

……………. Release of the movie Braveheart directed by Mel Gibson

……………. Release of the movie Witchboard III: The Possession directed by Peter Svatek

……………. Broadcast of The Simpsons (S6E17), starting the “The Happy Squirrel” Tarot card in-joke

1996……… Early stage creation of the Order of the WhiteOak (Online) by Ellen Evert Hopman

……………. The first St Patrick’s Festival is held in Ireland to showcase Ireland and its culture

……………. Cecil Williamson sells his museum to Graham King and Elizabeth Crow

……………. Gavin Bone set up the Farrars’ website to become the “Pagan Information Network”

……………. Opening of the Bewitched in Salem store in Salem, Massachusetts

……………. Opening of the Voodoo Authentica store in New Orleans, Louisiana

……………. Release of the 3rd edition of Drawing Down the Moon by Margot Adler

……………. Release of the 4th edition of Aleister Crowley’s Thoth Tarot deck

……………. Release of Le Veritable Tarot de Marseille by Kris Hadar

……………. Broadcast of the documentary Ancient Mysteries: Witches by A&E Television

……………. Broadcast of the TV show Sabrina, the Teenage Witch (1996-2003), created by Jonathan Schmock, Nell Scovell

……………. Release of the movie The Craft directed by Andrew Fleming

……………. Release of the movie Thinner directed by Tom Holland

……………. Release of the movie The Crucible directed by Nicholas Hytner

……………. Release of the movie Little Witches directed by Jane Simpson

1997……… Creation of the Witches’ Voice (Witch-Vox), a NeoPagan news/networking website

……………. First National Pagan Census administered by sociologist Sian Reid in Canada

……………. First World Tarot Congress in Chicago organized by Janet Berres

……………. Two Russian farmers killed a woman and injured five other members of her family after believing that they had used folk magic against them

……………. Opening of the Artemisia Botanicals store in Salem, Massachusetts

……………. Opening of the Esoterica Occult Goods store in New Orleans, Louisiana

……………. Opening of the Erzulie’s Authentic Voodoo store in New Orleans, Louisiana

……………. Opening of The Crystal Dawn store in Ottawa, Canada

……………. Opening of Boutique Ésotérique L’Espoir store in Repentigny, Canada

……………. Death of Anton Szandor LaVey (Howard Stanton Levey)

……………. Release of a re-created version of the ‘Type II’ Tarot of Marseilles by Camoin & Jodorowsky

……………. Release of La magie blanche: Recettes de sorcières by Éric-Pier Sperandio

……………. Release of the novel Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone by J. K. Rowling

……………. Release of the movie Drawing Down the Moon directed by Steven Patterson

……………. Release of Era, first studio album by Era

1998……… Release of Faery Wicca, a controversed book by Kisma K. Stepanich-Reidling

……………. First Pagan Pride Day celebrations held on September 19 in USA and Canada

……………. First annual Witches Gathering Charity Ball in Ottawa, Canada

……………. Opening of the Marie Laveau’s House of Voodoo store in New Orleans, Louisiana

……………. Opening of the Librairie L’Essence-Ciel store in Gatineau, Canada

……………. Release of the “Glow in the Dark” Ouija board by Parker Brothers/Hasbro

……………. Release of Forbidden Rites (from Munich Manual of Demonic Magic) by Richard Kieckhefer

……………. Release of the documentary Discovering Witchcraft: A Journey Through the Elements by Janet Farrar, Stewart Farrar and Gavin Bone

……………. Release of Satan Speaks! by Anton Szandor LaVey

……………. Release of the novel Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets by J. K. Rowling

……………. Release of the movie Practical Magic directed by Griffin Dunne

……………. Release of the movie Lucinda’s Spell directed by Jon Jacobs

……………. Broadcast of the TV show Charmed (1998-2006), created by Constance M. Burge

……………. Following the popularity of Charmed, the term “Book of Shadows” (journal of personal experiences) becomes mainly synonymous with “Grimoire” (magickal textbook)

……………. Broadcast of the TV show Mystic Knights of Tir Na Nog (1998-1999), created by Haim Saban

……………. Release of The Lark in the Clear Air, the first solo studio album by Will Millar

1999……… Witch-hunts against children are reported by the BBC in the Congo and in Tanzania

……………. Foundation of the First Satanic Church, a LaVeyan Satanism organization, by Karla LaVey

……………. Parker Brothers/Hasbro stops manufacturing the classic Fuld Ouija board design

……………. Opening of the Kitchen Witch Cookbook store in New Orleans, Louisiana

……………. Opening of the Khewa store in Wakefield, Canada

……………. Release of the 20th anniversary edition of The Spiral Dance by Starhawk (Miriam Simos)

……………. Release of The Triumph of the Moon by Ronald Hutton. This work arguably ends the controversy regarding Gerald Gardner’s myth of the origin of Neo-Pagan witchcraft

……………. Release of the Healing With the Angels Oracle Cards, the first cards deck by Doreen Virtue

……………. Death of Doreen Valiente (1922-1999)

……………. Death of Cecil Williamson (1909-1999)

……………. Release of the documentary Discovering Witchcraft: The Mysteries by Janet Farrar, Stewart Farrar and Gavin Bone

……………. Release of the novel Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban by J. K. Rowling

……………. Release of the movie The Blair Witch Project directed by Daniel Myrick and Eduardo Sánchez

……………. Release of the movie The Ninth Gate directed by Roman Polanski

……………. Release of the movie Sleepy Hollow directed by Tim Burton

……………. Release of the animated movie Scooby Doo & The Witch’s Ghost directed by Jim Stenstrum

……………. Release of movie A Walk on the Moon directed by Tony Goldwyn

……………. Broadcast of tenth episode in the 4th season of the TV show Buffy the Vampire Slayer (1997-2003), created by Joss Whedon – This episode deals with Willow meeting a Wiccan group

2000……… Canadian Military Chaplaincy Handbook includes Wicca

……………. Foundation of Panfest, the first Pagan festival in Alberta (maybe prairies), Canada

……………. Opening of the Montreal Pagan Resource Centre (MPRC), associated with The Magical Blend

……………. Opening of the House of Voodoo store in New Orleans, Louisiana

……………. Llewellyn Publishing partners with Lo Scarabeo for tarot and oracle decks

……………. The St Patrick’s Festival is now four days long in Ireland, surrounding St Patrick’s Day

……………. Death of Stewart Farrar (1916-2000)

……………. Death of Leo Louis Martello (1930-2000)

……………. Release of The Encyclopedia of Wicca and Witchcraft by Raven Grimassi

……………. Release of the Cryptique talking board, created by Kathy Fuld, William Andrew Fuld, Robert Murch and designed by Deborah Norris and Christian Day

……………. Release of the novel Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire by J. K. Rowling

……………. Release of the movie Book of Shadows: Blair Witch 2 directed by Joe Berlinger

……………. Release of Sine Missione, first studio album by Omnia

2001……… Release of Celtic Wicca: Ancient Wisdom for the 21st Century by Jane Raeburn

……………. Foundation of Tuatha de Bridget, a Druidic Wiccan group

……………. Jody Cabot leaves the Crow Haven Corner shop and opens her own “Practical Magic” parlor

……………. Laurie “Lorelei” Stathopoulos, Salem’s Clairvoyant, keeps the Crow Haven Corner shop

……………. Creation of The Athame’s Edge (Online) a working Coven firstly associated with UEW

……………. The term “fluffy” is popularized by the author of the internet essay, “Why Wiccans Suck”

……………. Celebration of the 100th anniversary of Llewellyn Publishing

……………. Opening of the Dracolite store in Montréal, Canada

……………. Ouija boards and Harry Potter books are burned in Alamogordo, New Mexico, by fundamentalist groups as symbols of witchcraft

……………. Death of Victor Anderson (1917-2001)

……………. Broadcast of the Mini-series The Mists of Avalon directed by Uli Edel

……………. Release of the movie Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone directed by Chris Columbus

……………. Release of the movie Final Fantasy: The Spirits Within directed by Hironobu Sakaguchi

2002……… Release of Druidcraft: The Magic of Wicca & Druidry by Philip Carr-Gomm

……………. Death of Lady Sheba (1920-2002)

……………. Laurie Cabot opens a new shop on Pickering Wharf, named The Cat, The Crow and The Crown

……………. Opening of the Charme & Sortilège store in Montréal, Canada

……………. Opening of Le Jardin des anges et des archanges store in Gatineau, Canada

……………. First mention of the Ouija demon called Zozo on a website dedicated to ghost stories

……………. Broadcast of the documentary Taboo: Voodoo by National Geographic

……………. Broadcast of the documentary Taboo: Witchcraft by National Geographic

……………. Release of the documentary Witchcraft: Yesterday and Today directed by Raymond Buckland

……………. Release of the movie Salem Witch Trials directed by Joseph Sargent

……………. Release of the movie Harry Potter and the Chamber of secrets directed by Chris Columbus

……………. Release of the movie Brocéliande directed by Doug Headline

……………. Release of Herne’s Apprentice, first studio album by Damn the Bard

2003……… Creation of The Druid Network (Online) by Emma Restall Orr derived from BDO

……………. Canada releases religious data from the 2001 census which shows that Wiccans and other Pagans experienced the greatest percentage growth of all religions in the country. They numbered 21,080 members in 2001, an increase of 281% between 1991 and 2001.

……………. Release of the “Radiant” Rider-Waite Tarot by Virginijus Poshkus with re-illustrated cards

……………. Release of the Universal Tarot by Roberto de Angelis with re-illustrated RWS cards

……………. First annual Festival of the Dead organized by Shawn Poirier and Christian Day in Salem

……………. Death of Ellen Cannon Reed (1943-2003)

……………. Release of the Crystal Bible by Judy Hall

……………. Release of the novel Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix by J. K. Rowling

……………. Premiere of the musical Wicked: The Untold Story of the Witches of Oz, produced by Stephen Schwartz and Winnie Holzman in San Francisco

……………. Broadcast of the TV show Carnivàle (2003-2005), created by Daniel Knauf

2004……… Foundation of the Grey School of Wizardry (GSW) by Oberon Zell-Ravenheart

……………. Foundation of Progressive Eclectic Wicca, derived from a UEW’s Coven

……………. Foundation of Greenwood Celtic Shamanic by Meri Fowler and Ronin

……………. Foundation of Isis Hathor, a Montréal based Coven derived from Isis Urania

……………. Opening of Un Nouveau Souffle store in St-Jérôme, Canada

……………. Death of Joseph Bearwalker Wilson (1942-2004)

……………. Release of Grimoire for the Apprentice Wizard by Oberon Zell-Ravenheart

……………. Release of the movie Exorcist: The Beginning directed by Renny Harlin

……………. Release of the movie Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban directed by Alfonso Cuarón

……………. Release of the movie Nouvelle-France directed by Jean Beaudin

……………. Release of the movie Bell Witch Haunting directed by Ric White

……………. Release of Lady Moon, first studio album by Kellianna

2005……… Creation of the Canadian National Pagan Conference – Gaia Gathering (CNPC) in Edmonton

……………. Llewellyn Publishing moves its offices to Woodbury, Minnesota

……………. The Bewitched statue donated by TV Land is officially dedicated in Salem’s Lappin Park

……………. YouTube is launched on Internet

……………. Release of the novel Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince by J. K. Rowling

……………. Release of the movie Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire directed by Mike Newell

……………. Release of the movie Dominion: Prequel to the Exorcist directed by Paul Schrader

……………. Release of the movie Bewitched directed by Nora Ephron

……………. Release of the movie The Skeleton Key directed by Iain Softley

……………. Release of the movie An American Haunting directed by Courtney Solomon (Bell Witch)

……………. Broadcast of the TV show Supernatural (2005-), created by Eric Kripke

……………. Release of Celtic Woman, first studio album by Celtic Woman (formed in 2004)

2006……… Foundation of the Reformed Druids of Gaia (RDG)

……………. On June 6, 2006 the Church of Satan conducted a Satanic High Mass in Los Angeles, California

……………. The first videos about Wicca and Witchcraft are uploaded on YouTube

……………. Opening of Le Derwydd store in Charlesbourg, Canada

……………. Death of Edward “Ed” Warren Miney (1926-2006)

……………. Release of the revised edition of Drawing Down the Moon by Margot Adler

……………. Release of Companion for the Apprentice Wizard by Oberon Zell-Ravenheart

……………. Release of the Universal Marseille Tarot by Lee Bursten

……………. Release of the Llewellyn Tarot by Anna-Marie Ferguson

……………. Release of the movie The Wicker Man directed by Neil LaBute

……………. Release of the movie The Covenant directed by Renny Harlin

2007……… Wiccan ritual performed on the Canadian military base in Kandahar, Afghanistan

……………. Celebration of the 20th anniversary of Lo Scarabeo

……………. Death of Shawn Poirier (1966-2007)

……………. Christian Day and his coven sister, Leanne Marrama, takes the helm of Raven Moon Coven

……………. Robert Murch locates Elijah Jefferson Bond’s unmarked grave in a Baltimore cemetery

……………. Release of the Lo Scarabeo Tarot by Mark McElroy and Anna Lazzarini

……………. Release of the novel Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows by J. K. Rowling

……………. Broadcast of the documentary Taboo: Nudity by National Geographic

……………. Release of the movie Halloween directed by Rob Zombie (Robert Bartleh Cummings)

……………. Release of the movie Paranormal Activity directed by Oren Peli

……………. Release of the movie Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix directed by David Yates

……………. Release of the movie Bell Witch: The Movie directed by Shane Marr

2008……… Repealing of the Fraudulent Mediums Act by new Consumer Protection Regulations

……………. Foundation of Inclusive Wicca, derived from UEW’s by Amethyst Treleven (Ziggy Smith)

……………. Foundation of the Talking Board Historical Society by talking board collectors and enthusiasts

……………. The Talking Board Historical Society erects a memorial to mark Elijah Jefferson Bond’s grave

……………. Release of the controversial “Pink” Ouija aimed at young girls by Parker Brothers/Hasbro

……………. Opening of the Hex: Old World of Witchery store by Christian Day in Salem, Massachusetts

……………. Opening of the Witch City Ink tattoo shop in Salem, Massachusetts

……………. Opening of the Singing Pebble Books shop in Ottawa, Canada

……………. Opening of the Serendipity Books & Gifts store in Ottawa, Canada

……………. Opening of the Mother Earth Natural Health store in Ottawa, Canada

……………. Many Ouija users mentions the entity called Zozo in websites dedicated to ghost stories

……………. Possible opening date of the Laras store in Ottawa, Canada

……………. Foundation of the Fellowship of Anamastia by E.J. OakLore and Chia

……………. Laurie Cabot celebrates her 75th birthday with hundreds of witches

……………. The “YouTube Pagan Community” slowly begins as members shares with each others

……………. Broadcast of the documentary Secret Circles, Hidden Prayers directed by Amber Beard

……………. Broadcast of the documentary Ottawa Underground: Ottawa Ésotérique directed by Jean-Claude Caprara

……………. Release of the movie The Bell Witch Legend directed by Zac Adams

……………. Release of the movie The Good Witch directed by Craig Pryce

2009……… Foundation of The Reformed Druids of Avalon by Daniel Williams (Daniel Kent/Smith)

……………. Establishment of the Raven’s Knoll, a Pagan campground property in Eastern Ontario

……………. Lori Sforza (Lori Bruno) and Christian Day becomes business partners

……………. First annual Official Salem Witches’ Halloween Ball organized by Christian Day

……………. Llewellyn Publishing joins the Online communities of Facebook and Twitter

……………. Opening of the Witch Way Gifts store in Salem, Massachusetts

……………. The Talking Board Historical Society brings recognition to William Fuld’s iconic Ouija factory

……………. Darren Evans creates The Zozo Ouija Phenomena website to investigates on the entity

……………. The Ouija board entities called Zozo and Mama becomes popular Creepypastas

……………. Release of the Smith-Waite Tarot Centennial Edition Deck, a reproduction of the 1910 deck

……………. Release of the Crystal Bible 2 by Judy Hall

……………. Broadcast of the documentary Witchcraft: Myths and Legends by National Geographic

……………. Release of the movie Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince directed by David Yates

……………. Release of the movie Avatar directed by James Cameron

……………. Release of the movie Taking Woodstock directed by Ang Lee

……………. Release of the movie The Good Witch’s Garden directed by Craig Pryce

……………. Release of the movie Tarot directed by Jun Lana

……………. Release of the movie Drag me to Hell directed by Sam Raimi

……………. Release of the movie The Haunting in Connecticut directed by Peter Cornwell

……………. Release of the animated movie The Princess and the Frog directed by Ron Clements and John Musker

……………. Release of the animated movie The Secret of Kells directed by Tomm Moore & Nora Twomey

2010……… Death of Isaac Bonewits (1949-2010)

……………. Laurie Cabot shop, still on Pickering Wharf, is renamed as The Official Witch Shoppe

……………. The Gallows Hill Project is created to find the true location of Salem’s execution site

……………. Opening of the Omen store by Christian Day in Salem, Massachusetts

……………. Opening of Vers La Source store in St-Jérôme, Canada

……………. Creation of the Midnight Game, a Creepypastas described as an old Pagan punishment ritual

……………. Release of a re-created ‘ISIS’ version of the Conver’s Tarot of Marseilles by Tadahiro Onuma

……………. Broadcast of the documentary The High Man (Mystical Ireland) directed by Anthony Murphy

……………. Upload of the viral video “Scariest Ouija Board Demon ZOZO Possessed Girl” on YouTube

……………. Release of the movie The Good Witch’s Gift directed by Craig Pryce

……………. Release of the movie Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 1 directed by David Yates

……………. Release of the movie Paranormal Activity 2 directed by Tod William

2011……… Amina Bint Abdul Halim Nassar is executed in Saudi Arabia for practicing Witchcraft

……………. Christian Day, Lori Sforza (Lori Bruno) and other Salem’s witches gathers at the Crow Haven Corner shop to conduct a binding and healing ritual against Charlie Sheen

……………. Opening of Boutique Anges et Dragon store in St-Sauveur, Canada

……………. Release of Le code sacré du tarot by Wilfried Houdouin

……………. Release of the Tarot of Marseilles – Millennium Edition (22 cards) by Wilfried Houdouin

……………. Release of the CBD Tarot of Marseilles by Yoav Ben-Dov

……………. Release of Tarology by Enrique Enriquez

……………. Release of the movie Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 2 directed by David Yates

……………. Release of the movie The Wicker Tree directed by Robin Hardy

……………. Release of the movie The Tree of Life directed by Terrence Malick

……………. Release of the movie Season of the Witch directed by Dominic Sena

……………. Release of the movie Salem Falls directed by Bradley Walsh

……………. Release of the movie The Good Witch’s Family directed by Craig Pryce

……………. Release of the movie Your Highness directed by David Gordon Green

……………. Release of the movie Peace, Love, & Misunderstanding directed by Bruce Beresford

……………. Release of the movie Thor directed by Kenneth Branagh

……………. Release of the movie Paranormal Activity 3 directed by Henry Joost and Ariel Schulman

……………. Release of the movie The Ouija Experiment directed by Israel Luna

……………. Broadcast of the 4th Season of the TV show True Blood (2008-2014), created by Alan Ball – This season deals with a witch coven and a necromancer

……………. Broadcast of the TV show The Secret Circle (2011-2012), created by Andrew Miller

2012……… Creation of the Solitary Druid Fellowship (SDF) (Online) by Teo Bishop, an extension of ADF

……………. A Druid liturgy is included in the London Paralumpic Games closing ceremony

……………. Lori Sforza (Lori Bruno) and Christian Day enters a dispute over a contract for a TV show

……………. The YouTube Pagan Community is now fully in force

……………. Foundation of Moon Books (John Hunt Publishing), publisher of books about Paganism

……………. Closing of Laurie Cabot’s Official Witch Shoppe in Salem, Massachusetts

……………. Opening of the Magika store by Lori Sforza (Lori Bruno) in Salem, Massachusetts

……………. Opening of the Arc-Ange-Ciel store in Orleans, Canada

……………. Opening of the Green Spirit store in Ottawa, Canada

……………. The Talking Board Historical Society hosts an exhibit of talking boards and spirit devices

……………. Broadcast of the documentary Tarology: The Art of Tarot directed by Chris Deleo and Kimberlie Naughton with the participation of Enrique Enriquez

……………. Release of Witchfather (Two-volume biography of Gerald Gardner) by Philip Heselton

……………. Release of the animated movie Brave directed by Mark Andrews, Brenda Chapman and Steve Purcell

……………. Release of the movie The Lords of Salem directed by Rob Zombie (Robert Bartleh Cummings)

……………. Release of the movie The Good Witch’s Charm directed by Craig Pryce

……………. Release of the movie Paranormal Activity 4 directed by Henry Joost and Ariel Schulman

……………. Release of the movie I am Zozo directed by Scott Di Lalla, starring Darren Evans as himself

……………. Broadcast of the TV show Vikings (2013-), created by Andrew Miller

2013……… “Wicca and Paganism” leave the Occult/New Age/Mind-Body-Spirit section of bookstore and move to the “Religion” section following a change in how the books are coded

……………. Thor’s Hammer is approved for use on military headstones and grave markers

……………. Opening of the Enchanted store (same location as Laurie Cabot’s Official Witch Shoppe) by Malcolm Porter and Chris LeVasseur in Salem, Massachusetts

……………. Opening of the Hex: Old World of Witchery store by Christian Day in New Orleans

……………. Release of the “Classic” Ouija board game by Hasbro, made of wood with the 1972’s design

……………. Release of a new “Mystical” Ouija board by Hasbro, with a lighted planchette using batteries

……………. Release of the Crystal Bible 3 by Judy Hall

……………. Broadcast of the documentary A Very British Witchcraft, hosted by Ronald Hutton

……………. Release of the movie Hansel & Gretel: Witch Hunters directed by Tommy Wirkola

……………. Release of the movie Oz the Great and Powerful directed by Sam Raimi

……………. Release of the movie Beautiful Creatures directed by Richard LaGravenese

……………. Release of the movie The Mortal Instruments: City of Bones directed by Harald Zwart

……………. Release of the movie The Midnight Game directed by A.D. Calvo

……………. Release of the movie The Last Keepers directed by Maggie Greenwald

……………. Release of the movie Witching and Bitching directed by Álex de la Iglesia

……………. Release of the movie The Good Witch’s Destiny directed by Craig Pryce

……………. Release of the movie The Conjuring directed by James Wan

……………. Release of the movie Crystal Fairy & the Magical Cactus and 2012 directed by Sebastián Silva

……………. Release of the movie The Evil Dead directed by Fede Alvarez

……………. Release of the movie Thor: The Dark World directed by Alan Taylor

……………. Release of the movie The Bell Witch Haunting directed by Glenn Miller

……………. Broadcast of the third season of the TV show American Horror Story: Coven, a witchcraft story, created by Brad Falchuk and Ryan Murphy

……………. Broadcast of the TV show Witches of East End (2013-2014), created by Constance M. Burge

……………. Broadcast of the TV show Sleepy Hollow (2013-), created by Alex Kurtzman, Roberto Orci, Phillip Iscove, and Len Wiseman

……………. Broadcast of the animated TV show Sabrina: Secrets of a Teenage Witch (2013-2014), created by Pamela Hickey and Dennys McCoy

2014……… The Covenant of the Goddess publishes a position statement on the environment

……………. The Forrest Gump of Witchcraft website is created to reports the frauds of Christian Day

……………. Christian Day marries his fiancé Brian Cain in a “Warlock Wedding” at Hammond Castle

……………. Opening of the HausWitch store in Salem, Massachusetts

……………. Opening of The Raven’s Cottage store in Salem, Massachusetts

……………. Opening of the Garden of Crystals store in Ottawa, Canada

……………. Opening of Boutique Bien Être & Spirituel Le Passage store in Lachute, Canada

……………. Opening of the Green Earth franchise store in Ottawa, Canada

……………. Death of Judy Harrow (1945-2014)

……………. Death of Margot Adler (1946-2014)

……………. Death of Morning Glory Zell-Ravenheart (1948-2014)

……………. Creepypastas relating to the fictitious Slender Man character comes to public attention

……………. Release of the safe “Supernatural” themed Ouija board by USAopoly, without the letter “Z”

……………. Broadcast of the documentary Celtic Monsters: Witches directed by mark Warren and Aneurin Thomas

……………. Broadcast of the TV show Salem (2014-), created by Brannon Braga and Adam Simon

……………. Broadcast of the TV show Outlander (2014-), created by Ronald D. Moore

……………. Release of the movie The Crucible directed by Yaël Farber

……………. Release of the movie The Good Witch’s Wonder directed by Craig Pryce

……………. Release of the movie Maleficent directed by Robert Stromberg

……………. Release of the movie Annabelle directed by John R. Leonetti

……………. Release of the movie Ouija directed by Stiles White

……………. New urban legend from Ouija movie: entities are visible by looking in the planchette’s glass

……………. Release of the movie Paranormal Activity: The Marked Ones directed by Christopher B. Landon

……………. Release of the animated movie Song of the Sea directed by Tomm Moore

……………. Release of the novel The Wicca Woman by David Pinner, the sequel to Ritual (1967)

2015 …….. Foundation of HarperElixir, imprint of HarperOne dedicated to the Body, Mind, Spirit books

……………. Foundation of Salem Historical Society

……………. Lori Sforza (Lori Bruno) wins court-ordered protection against Christian Day in Salem

……………. Celebration of Ouija 125th Anniversary during OuijaCon 2015 in Baltimore

……………. Opening of the Au Coeur des Sens store in Montréal, Canada

……………. Opening of the Green Earth franchise store in Orleans, Canada

……………. Release of the movie The Coven directed by John Mackie

……………. Release of the movie The Last Witch Hunter directed by Breck Eisner

……………. Release of the movie The Hallow directed by Corin Hardy

……………. Release of the movie Macbeth directed by Justin Kurzel

……………. Release of the movie Knight of Cups directed by Terrence Malick

……………. Release of the movie Paranormal Activity: The Ghost Dimension directed by Gregory Plotkin

……………. Release of the movie The Ouija Experiment 2: Theatre of Death directed by Israel Luna

……………. Broadcast of the TV show Good Witch (2015-), created by Sue Tenney

……………. Broadcast of the TV show The Magicians (2015-), created by Sera Gamble & John McNamara

……………. Death of Charles Arnold (1947-2015)

……………. Death of Carl “Llewellyn” Weschcke (1930-2015)

2016……… Proctor’s Ledge is confirmed as Salem’s execution site by scholars of the Gallows Hill Project

……………. Celebration of the 115th anniversary of Llewellyn Publishing

……………. Release of Tarot Fundamentals by Lo Scarabeo

……………. Release of the movie Nowhere Boys: The Book of Shadows directed by David Caesar

……………. Release of the movie The Witch directed by Robert Eggers

……………. Premiere of the play Harry Potter and the Cursed Child by Jack Thorne in London

……………. Release of the movie Mark of the Witch directed by Jason Bognacki

……………. Broadcast of the TV show Shadowhunters: The Mortal Instruments (2016-), created by Ed Decter

……………. Broadcast of the TV show The Exorcist (2016-), created by Jeremy Slater

……………. Broadcast of the sixth season of the TV show American Horror Story: Roanoke, created by Brad Falchuk and Ryan Murphy – The story deals with Paganism and features Scáthach

……………. Release of the movie The Conjuring 2 directed by James Wan

……………. Release of the movie Blair Witch directed by Adam Wingard

……………. Release of the movie Ouija: Origin of Evil directed by Stiles White

……………. Release of the movie Doctor Strange directed by Scott Derrickson

……………. Release of the movie Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them directed by David Yates

……………. Release of the movie The Ouija Exorcism directed by Nick Slatkin

……………. Release of the movie The Ouija Possession directed by Luis Carvalho

……………. Release of the movie The Love Witch directed by Anna Biller

2017……… Release of Tarot Experience by Lo Scarabeo

……………. Release of the Tarot of Marseilles – Millennium Edition (78 cards) by Wilfried Houdouin

……………. Release of the movie Annabelle 2 directed by David F. Sandberg

……………. Release of the movie Thor: Ragnarok directed by Taika Waititi

2018……… Release of Tarot Compendium by Lo Scarabeo

……………. Release of the movie The Nun directed by #############

……………. Release of the movie The Craft directed by #############

2019 …….. Release of the movie Wicked directed by Stephen Daldry

2022……… In the United Kingdom, the Rider-Waite Tarot deck falls into the public domain

 * * *

Further Reading:

  • Drawing Down the Moon by Margot Adler (1979)
  • A History of Pagan Europe by Prudence Jones and Nigel Pennick (1995)
  • Origins of Modern Witchcraft by Ann Moura (2000)
  • Witchcraft in Europe: 400-1700 by Alan Charles Kors (2000)
  • Wiccan Roots by Philip Heselton (2001)
  • A Brief History of the Druids by Peter Berresford Ellis (2002)
  • The Triumph of the Moon by Ronald Hutton (2003)
  • Gerald Gardner and the Cauldron of Inspiration by Philip Heselton (2003)
  • Her Hidden Children by Chas S. Clifton (2006)
  • History of Witchcraft by Jeffrey B. Russell and Brooks Alexander (2007)
  • Blood and Mistletoe: The History of Druids in Britain by Ronald Hutton (2009)
  • Modern Wicca by Michael Howard (2010)
  • Grimoires: A History of Magic Books by Owen Davies (2010)
  • Witchfather: A Life of Gerald Gardner (2 volumes) by Philip Heselton (2012)
  • Witchcraft Today: 60 Years On by Trevor Greenfield (2014)